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Tax and financial planning tips: Welcoming a new child

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Welcoming a new child into your life is a great joy, but it also means big financial changes. These young family members can affect your tax situation. To start things right, here are some tips to keep in mind.

Tax returns and withholdings
 
Having a baby — or adopting a child — could affect your filing status. For example, a single adult with a baby may be able to change his or her filing status to head of household. In some cases, changing your filing status could mean a better tax rate. If you had been using the married filing separate filing status, a change to head of household status may allow you to claim additional credits and deductions.
 

What credits are available?

The child and dependent care tax credit allows married couples filing jointly to claim up to $3,000 in child care expenses per qualifying individual (up to $6,000 total). The qualifying individual must be under the age of 13 and claimed on the tax return as a dependent. Married couples claiming the credit must both be working and file jointly. How much you can claim depends on your income. It’s important to note a parent must have custody of the child for more than half of the year to qualify for this credit.
 
An adoption tax credit or income exclusion could be an option for you if you adopted a child or tried to adopt a child. The non-refundable tax credit is available for certain qualified adoption expenses. Qualified adoption expenses don’t include expenses that someone pays to adopt the child of their spouse. How much a person can claim is dependent on income and is capped at $14,300. In addition, parents may be able to exclude from their gross income up to $14,300 of qualified adoption expenses paid by an employer under an adoption assistance program. Both a credit and an exclusion for expenses may be claimed, but not for the same expense.
 
The earned income tax credit is a refundable credit for people who earn low to moderate incomes. Even if you didn’t qualify for this credit before, you may now qualify as limits are set higher for those with children.
 
 
 
 
You may want to take advantage of an employer’s dependent care flexible spending account. These accounts help you pay for child care by allowing you to divert up to $5,000 of your salary on a pre-tax basis and use it to be reimbursed for these child care expenses.
 
 
Parents or guardians of minor children may qualify for the child care tax credit. If you paid someone else to watch your child, you may be able to claim a credit of up to $3,000 for one child or dependent, and $6,000 for two or more.
 
If you choose to hire a nanny to care for your child, you may be subject to household employment taxes. Your CPA can help you navigate these taxes to ensure you’re compliant.
 
 
Guardians and wills
A will provides instruction on how, when and on what terms your assets will be distributed to your family and other beneficiaries at your death. Updating or creating a will becomes particularly important when having children as it is the legal document where a guardian is appointed for minor children.
 
Review beneficiary designation forms
Retirement accounts and life insurance policies pass according to the beneficiary designations rather than a will. Review beneficiary forms for retirement accounts and life insurance policies to ensure the proper individuals are listed, especially after children are born.
 
Life and disability Insurance
Consider obtaining life and disability insurance as a way to protect you or your spouse’s income stream in the event of a death or disability. This is important for young families whose financial security is dependent on their ability to earn income.
 
What else should I know? 
Getting a Social Security number for your child should be at the top of your to-do list. A Social Security number is required to claim your child as a dependent on your income tax return. You’ll also need their Social Security number to apply for government services for your child. For most parents, obtaining a Social Security number is a straightforward process that can be done soon after birth. This process is more complicated if you’re adopting a child from another country. You’ll have to wait until the adoption is final and the child is in the United States before you can apply for a Social Security number.
 
This copyrighted resource is provided exclusively to AICPA members and should not be shared, reproduced or used by anyone who is not a member of the AICPA without explicit consent from the AICPA Tax Section. See our terms and conditions. For information about content licensing, please email [email protected]. 
 
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